The female reproductive system consists of internal as well as external organs. The reproductive process begins with the release of the egg. Ovaries of the female reproductive system are the organs that produce the egg which when released travels down the fallopian tubes to get fertilized by the sperm. Any abnormality in the ovaries directly affects the fertility rate and can be the main cause of infertility.
The ovaries have three main functions:
It is known that ovaries produce the hormone estrogen which is responsible for the menstrual cycle from the age of menarche to menopause. As age progresses, the ovaries also age, and very few eggs are released until no more eggs are left, and that is when a woman’s menstrual cycle stops and she attains menopause. Menopause generally occurs after the age of 40. So, if you are younger in age and your ovaries are not able to produce or release eggs, it is very obvious that your periods will cease. This condition may seem similar to menopause; however, this may be due to premature ovarian failure. Premature ovarian failure, also known as premature ovarian insufficiency refers to a condition where the ovaries are unable to function normally before the age of 40 causing the menstrual cycles to stop and attain menopause much earlier than the normal age.
Some causes of premature ovarian failure are:
Depending on the levels of serum FSH and clinical findings, POF can be classified into the following types:
Since infertility is very concerning in women with POF, timely care and appropriate treatment can reverse the condition and increase your chance of conceiving. Consult a fertility specialist to guide you through the treatment process.