Hormones that are produced in our body play a pivotal role in everything that happens within. Digestion to excretion, endocrine, muscular, circulation, or reproduction, hormones play an important role. The hormone is a system of chemical communication that our body uses to regulate metabolism, growth, reproduction, etc. They are chemical substances that are produced by some specialized body cells and transported to various systems through the bloodstream. Hormones help in the coordination, organization, and control of the function of cells and tissues. The human body specifically uses around 50 hormones to regulate the functions of different organs within the body. Equally crucial is the role of hormones in the reproductive system. The hormonal level needs to be in perfect balance for perfect reproductive health. From the release of an egg to fertilization and development of an embryo, everything depends on the levels of hormones. Any imbalance in the hormones of the reproductive system can cause infertility in both men and women. A perfect hormonal balance involves the timing that the hormones are released, their interactions with others to work in synergy, and response through cell receptors.
Right from menarche (the beginning of the first menstrual cycle) to menopause (ceasing of menstruation) in a female, hormones are very important. For a female to conceive, the hormones should signal the ovaries to release the egg to travel into the fallopian tube, fertilize, and then the embryo to get implanted into the uterus. Likewise, in a male, it is responsible for messaging the testes to release sperm that travels through a duct system to reach the freshly released egg waiting to be fertilized. Each process must be signaled by the hormones. An imbalance in the hormones can disrupt the entire process making pregnancy extremely difficult.
Though it is a well-known fact that there are a number of hormones in the human body, a few are responsible for reproduction. Some of the hormones that affect fertility are:
If you have been planning to conceive and the efforts were to no avail despite multiple attempts, it could be an alarming sign for you to get your hormone levels checked. You can watch for certain symptoms to identify if you might be having issues with your hormones. Some of these symptoms include:
Very little can be done in terms of changes in lifestyle to regulate your hormone levels. It is wise to consult a specialist to get a confirmatory diagnosis if your hormones are the culprit in your failed attempts at conceiving.